Permissions resources

If your use of another person’s work is not covered under fair use or any other limitation or exception to copyright, you may need to request permission from the rights holder. A good starting place is the University of Michigan Library’s robust set of resources on Obtaining Copyright Permissions. For many textual works, including academic books and journal articles, the Copyright Clearance Center, a for-profit company, can facilitate obtaining licenses for academic uses, for a fee. For more specialized materials, like fine art, music, and literary estates, the following resources may be helpful:

Easier than obtaining permission may be to locate openly licensed or royalty-free media that can serve the same purpose.  In some cases (especially for scholarly or teaching uses), permission may not be required because fair use will apply. To learn more, check out images, film, music, media.